This is most notable for microorganisms (Mc Donald et al., 2012) but it is also true for soil fauna (Behan–Pelletier, 1999; Rougerie et al., 2009; Bik et al., 2012). Belowground legacies of Pinus contorta invasion and removal result in multiple mechanisms of invasional meltdown. doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plu056 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Digel, C., Curtsdotter, A., Riede, J., Klarner, B., and Brose, U. Unravelling the complex structure of forest soil food webs: higher omnivory and more trophic levels. doi: 10.1111/oik.00865 Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Dirzo, R., Young, H.
With the rapid influx of soil biodiversity data, now is the time to take the first steps forward in establishing a global soil biodiversity information platform. Soils are increasingly recognized as crucial components of ecosystems and biodiversity (Wardle et al., 2004; Bardgett and Wardle, 2010), and they represent unique compartments of terrestrial ecosystems by comprising components of the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. It is now commonplace to concurrently survey soil biodiversity and explore the role these organisms play in ecosystem functions and global sustainability (Wall et al., 2012; Bardgett and van der Putten, 2014). However, we still lack baseline values for soil biodiversity as well as reference values (either abundance ranges or occurrence) that may prove critical in assessing the current status of soils and implementing management and policy efforts to keeping soils and soil biodiversity in a so-called “normal operating range” (Jackson et al., 2007; Koch et al., 2013). Interdisciplinary approaches to understanding disease emergence: the past, present, and future drivers of Nipah virus emergence. May include any number of additional measured parameters such as soil environment measurements and climate information. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1201243109 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar de Vries, F. Soil food web properties explain ecosystem services across European land use systems.
(Example: Earth Microbiome Project) • Sequence Archives: Nucleotide sequences that provide valuable information on relevant organisms. T., Thébault, E., Liiri, M., Birkhofer, K., Tsiafouli, M.
(Example: Encyclopedia of Life) • Data Warehouse: An information system that links taxonomy (morphology and/or annotated sequences) and ecological information across databases and individual studies.
(Example: Edaphobase) • Public or Private Databases: Species lists for a given study, experiment or location.
Here, we propose a global platform to allow for greater access to soil biodiversity information by linking databases and repositories through a single open portal. Reconstructing the microbial diversity and function of pre–agricultural tallgrass prairie soils in the United States. doi: 10.1126/science.1243768 Pub Med Abstract | Cross Ref Full Text | Google Scholar Frouz, J., Ali, A., Frouzova, J., and Lobinske, R.
The proposed platform would for the first time, link data on soil organisms from different global sites and biomes, and will be inclusive of all data types, from molecular sequences to morphology measurements and other supporting information.
Soil biodiversity supports many terrestrial ecosystem functions (Wall et al., 2012) and delivers important ecosystem services such as food and fiber production, carbon sequestration, and degradation of pollutants (Wardle, 2002; Wall et al., 2010).