Ulm blossomed during the 15th and 16th centuries, mostly due to the export of high-quality textiles.
The city was situated at the crossroads of important trade routes extending to Italy.
They have own local councils which acquire an important consulting position to the whole city council concerning issues that are related to the prevailing districts.But at the end, final decisions can only be made by the city council of the entire city of Ulm.Today, it is an economic centre due to its varied industries, and it is the seat of the University of Ulm.Internationally, Ulm is primarily known for having the church with the tallest steeple in the world (161.53 m or 529.95 ft), the Gothic minster (Ulm Minster, German: Ulmer Münster), and as the birthplace of Albert Einstein.The oldest traceable settlement of the Ulm area began in the early Neolithic period, around 5000 BC.
Settlements of this time have been identified at the villages of Eggingen and Lehr, today districts of the city.
) is a city in the federal German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the River Danube.
The city, whose population is estimated at almost 120,000 (2015), forms an urban district of its own (German: ).
On the left (north-western) side Ulm is almost completely surrounded by the Alb-Danube district.
The neighboring communes of Baden-Württemberg are the following: Illerkirchberg, Staig, Hüttisheim, Erbach (Donau), Blaubeuren, Blaustein, Dornstadt, Beimerstetten and Langenau as well as the eastern neighboring community Elchingen.
Across from the old town, on the other side of the river, lies the twin city of Neu-Ulm in the state of Bavaria, smaller than Ulm and, until 1810, a part of it (population ~50,000).