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The architecture of Denmark has its origins in the Viking period, richly revealed by archaeological finds.It became firmly established in the Middle Ages when first Romanesque, then Gothic churches and cathedrals sprang up throughout the country.Each house consisted of a large central hall, 18 m × 8 m (59 ft × 26 ft) and two smaller rooms, one at each end. 980) in the north of Jutland were 28.5 m (94 ft) long, 5 m (16 ft) wide at the ends and 7.5 m (25 ft) in the middle, the long walls curving slightly outwards.

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It seems to have been related to earlier German buildings, though there are also traces of Anglo-Norman and Lombard influences.

Towards the end of the 13th century and until about 1500, the Gothic style became the norm with the result that most of the older Romanesque churches were rebuilt or adapted to the Gothic style. Canute's presents all the features of Gothic architecture: pointed arch, buttresses, ribbed vaulting, increased light and the spatial combination of nave and chancel.

Granite boulders and limestone were initially the preferred building materials, but after brick production reached Denmark in the middle of the 12th century, brick quickly became the material of choice.

The church at Østerlars on the island of Bornholm was built around 1150.

Construction of Lund Cathedral in Scania started in about 1103 when the region was part of the Kingdom of Denmark.

It was the first of great Danish Romanesque cathedrals in the shape of a three-aisled basilica with transepts.

During the late Middle Ages, a slow transition began from the traditional wooden houses in towns and villages towards half-timbered properties.

One of the oldest in Denmark is Anne Hvides Gård, a two-storeyed townhouse in Svendborg on the island of Funen, which was constructed in 1560.

It was during this period that, in a country with little access to stone, brick became the construction material of choice, not just for churches but also for fortifications and castles.

Under the influence of Frederick II and Christian IV, both of whom had been inspired by the castles of France, Dutch and Flemish designers were brought to Denmark, initially to improve the country's fortifications, but increasingly to build magnificent royal castles and palaces in the Renaissance style.

Neoclassicism came initially from France but was slowly adopted by native Danish architects who increasingly participated in defining architectural style.